Paris: Depot Central Chez Madre, 1869. First edition. 12mo, 32  pp, contemporary or early rebind in brown percaline with red leather spine label lettered in gilt; original orange wraps, bearing a printed title pastedown to front panel, preserved and bound in. Edition unstated, but according to Noel, one of 900 copies printed. A second edition was produced later the same year, incorporating a response to the text by Keratry.
Inscribed by Grousset at the title page to "Jules Richard"; the title page bears a "timbre imperial" stamp. Near fine.
A manifesto by Grousset, who was at the time the editor of Le Marseillase, following the elections that May which would lead to the dissolution of the house. Grousset would soon after the publication of this work become a member of Paris Commune, and after its fall was deported to New Caledonia, where he would eventually escape.
During his time away from France Grousset spent some time on the west coast of the US, and the southern Oregon coast would become the setting of his dystopian tale Le Cinq Cents Millions de Begum, which would eventually be published under Jules Verne's name. Grousset was unable to publish under his own name at the time due to his involvement with Paris Commune, and the publisher Hetzel had Jules Verne rewrite it. The book was the first to be published under Verne's name in his lifetime that struck a pessimistic note about the future of human technology, and the book anticipated the development of long range missiles. Verne and Grousset would go on to write a couple of books together, and Grousset would also write several other science fiction tales under pseudonym.
The inscription may be M. Jules Richard, the military historian - if so, a minor but fascinating Paris Commune association, as that Richard published the first biography of Cluseret, also a member of the Commune. Item #23065